Bohemian Style from poverty to luxury

  1. Bohemian style definition
  2. Boheminan has its roots in the 18th centrury France
    • The Romantic Era of the 19thth century
  3. Bohemian finds its way into mainstream fashion
    • The Hippie Era
    • Modern Bohemian Style
  4. Key elements of modern Bohemian Style
    • Favorite accessories
    • Typical foorwear
    • Where to shop for Boho style
  5. Influencers with Bohemian Style
  6. References

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Bohemian style definition

Bohemian style refers to an alternative fashion and counterculture with a specific ideology that differs from the tradition and mainstream trends of a given time. The term Bohemian goes back to the French word bohème which translates to unconventional, nonconform. It is used to describe a writer, artist, lifestyle or way of dressing. On the contrary, the French word Bohémien(ne) refers to a person (as a noun) from Bohemia. Used as an adjective, the word describes as being typical for Bohemia.

Bohemian has its roots in the 18th centrury France

Like with many style tribes fashion, art, music and political positions are intervened. Contrary to common believe, the roots of Bohemian style reach back to the end of the 18th century. During the French Revolution, artists and writers let a life of poverty. One way to cope with their bad soci-economic situation was wearing used, old clothing. The public associated artists of all kind with idleness, living a outside of social norms and tradition. Thus, the public called them the bohèmes, which is French for an unconventional, nonconform person. Once the political and cultural situation improved, the artists kept their eccentric looks.This means they now purposely expressed their individuality and group identity through their clothing.

Fashion has to reflect who you are, what you feel at the moment, where you're going. – Pharrell Williams #quote Click To Tweet

The Romantic Era of the 19thth century

In Europe, wars and revolutions were fought with the goal of demoncracy. In 1848, the movement failed. Many of those who wanted democracy left Europe to immigrate to North America (when possible). After more than 60 years of political unstability, people desired peace and retreated to romantic ideas.

Concurrently, the Romantic epoch started in art, writing and cultural life. People from the mainstream started to assocciate the romantic and often eccentric intellectuals of the era with the French bohèmes.

Self portrait of French photographer in Bohemian outfit between 1855 and 1857
Self portrait in Smock Félix Nadar between 1855–1857. Getty Museum. From: Getty’s Open Content Program.


Both groups wore flowy garments, peasant-like shirts and old clothes with distressed fabrics and antibourgeois, destitute ideas. Think of Carl Sptizweg‘s oil painting The Poor Poet (1838). The poet’s sleeping cap relates to the Jacobian or liberty cap of the French Revolution. It symbolized the republican resistance.

The romantic intellectuals also wore colorful, often orient-inspired. They accessorized with elements of medieval or nomadic gypsy origin. The gypies lived in Bohemia, a region on the East European Balkan. Therefore, the counterculture of arts, creativity and disregard to social norms and aesthetics got the term bohémien.

Bohemian finds its way into mainstream fashion

In the 20th century, designers like Paul Poiret and William Morris included various Russian and Middle Eastern ethnic and intricate, highly ornamental (lush floral prints, paisley, swirls) elements into their fashions, respectively.

The Hippie Era

In the 1960s, the Bohemian Movement became closely related to the Hippie / Flower Power culture. The Hippies rejected the conventional lifestyle, social constructs, materialism, established institutions, the politics of the time and the Vietnam War. The great developments in the production of dye allowed for colorful attire.

The globalization and improved possibilities of mobility (e.g. hitch rides) permitted traveling and inclusion of ethnic dresses and embroideries as well as jewelry. Since the new movement had its origins in North America, fringes, beading, turquoise jewelry and mixed prints as well as wide dresses joined the Bohemian style choices. The former three elements have their origin in Native American tradition; while the latter goes back to the dresses of the pioneer times. The previous to last addition has its roots in the American Civil War. During that time, women crafted quilted blankets from old clothes and/or left-over fabric for the soldiers.

Me in an Indian print dress with multiple shades of purple
Me as a teenager wearing an Indian hand painted dress with purple paisley and floral print


Like the French Bohemians the Hippies were poor and often wore old, distressed clothes. Their fashion opposed the mainstream polished, classic tailored silhouettes of the time. Style icons of that time were Jane Birkin, Jade Jaeger and Ali McGraw, just to mention a few. Today Judi Dench comes into mind.

Modern Bohemian Style

Like so often in fashion history, the clothes of the counterculture entered mainstream. The original lifestyle and political ideology (poor, opposition to the traditional values) has gotten lost or at least has been diluted. The once effortless, comfortable, cheap, creative mismatch of fashion  elements from various epochs and cultures turned into a curated, relaxed, (often expensive,) well-defined, identifiable style.

babyboomer in Boho inspired outfit with pint-embelished silk tunic and flared jeans

Bohemian style outfit inspiration
Example of contemporary Boho style: Indian silk long tunic with hand painted gold embellishment, Indian belt, Loft flared jeans, heeled ducks (all own) and halftee c/o Halftee
Hippie style summer dress
Indian print inspired Sigrid Olsen sundress c/o HSN with own Coach bag, Ray Ban sunglasses, cameo pendant necklace, Hermes collier de chien bangle, Hermes enamel bangle, gold bangle (gift from my late Mom) and Juicy Couture slides


Like the photos? If so, please feel free to pin them to your own Pinterest board.

The look itself is now an (accepted) alternative to the traditional way of dressing as a personal style preference. This style is even work-appropriate  as long as you don’t  have to dress in corporate style at the office or go to a job interview. This fashion choice may or may not come with a more liberated lifestyle and world view.

Key elements of modern Bohemian Style

As pointed out above, Bohemian is all about wearing rich items in a capriously way. Key materials are lace, crochet, suede, leather, wood, rattan, denim, silver, gold, turquoise, coral, amber. Key patterns are ethnic-inspired like paisley, ikat, tribal, folklore as well as floral and lattice prints. Furthermore, ornamental repeatitive Middle East inspired pattern are part of the style. Embroidery, beads, mirrors, lace, gold-color paint and fringes often serve for embellishment.

Bohemian prints, pattern, materials
Examples of Bohemian prints, pattern, materials


Key pieces are low rise frayed jeans, corduroys and patch pocket flared jeans, delicate dresses and tunics with floral, paisley, ethnic or ornament prints, peasant and tired (often crinkled) skirts. Furthermore, crochet or cable-knit sweaters, vests and cardigans are essential style elements. Other typical clothes are peasant blouses, button-down prairie camisoles, dip-dyed tanks and T-shirts as well as beaded, embroidered or mirror embelished boleros. Often pieces are in maxi length like a maxi double-breasted coat, maxi-skirts and floor-length dresses. Dresses and tops often have an empire waist. Sleeves are blousy, flatter style, ruffle-hemed, puffy or embroidered. A denim jacket, favorably in a natural looking wash, is a Must-have.

Boho style modern maxi dress Leafy Souls Elsie vegan womens long maxi dress

Maxi dress with ethnic print Leafy Souls Elsie vegan womens long maxi dress

Indian paisley and blog print pants Leafy Souls Kerria vegan Boho pants
embroidered peasant style women's tunic Leafy Souls Sia vegan women’s tunic

Favorite accessories

Accessories reach from ornament-like jewelry, hammered cuffs, feather cuffs, wood bangles, over-size semi-precious gemstone rings often with raw stones, teardrop earrings, coin, wood and beaded necklaces, rough leather messenger or saddle bags, sloughy velvet evening bags, ethnic fabric hobo bags and totes and head bands. Jewelry is often from India or of American Native origin including Alaska jewelry.

two ornamental Indian necklaces
Examples of Bohemian jewelry


Typical footwear

Footwear includes shearling ankle boots, flat strappy tan leather sandals or gladiators, flat Mary Janes in satin or denim or crochet heels. Clogs, wood-wedges and espadrilles are further options. The 70s style block heel tan boots are winter favorites.

ikat pattern gladiator sandals with charms Leafy Souls ikat pattern Niram vegan womens Bohemian gladiator sandals with charms and pom poms
ankle strap gladiator sandals Leafy Souls ankle strap gladiator sandals

Don’t let the right outfit be a random thing. Wear the right look in every situation. Just look up what to wear when in How to Dress for Success in Midlife. Buy my book now.

Where to shop for Boho style

Today, a wide variety of Boho clothing and accessory lines exist. Examples are Anthropologie, Free People, Island Style or Wendy Mignot. You may also be lucky to find great peasant skirts and shirts as well as Boho dresses at eShakti, Fashom (mention it in your style profile) and Leafy Souls. A great source for shearlings, leather jackets and vests (with and without fringes) is LeatherCoatsEtc.

Influencers with Bohemian Style

There are many influencers on instagram an in the blogosphere who don their interpretation of the look. Some of my personal favorite bloggers donning the look are Debbie of Fashion Fairy Dust, Samantha of Fake Fabulous, Patty of Not Dead Yet Style, Shauna of Chic Over 50, Rhoda of Southern Hospitality, just to mention a few.

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Julian Robinson, Gracie Calvery, The fine art of fashion illustrations, Frances Lincoln, Limited, London.

Carolin Young, Style Tribes

Recent photos of me: G. Kramm

© 2013-2020 Nicole Mölders | All rights reserved


5 thoughts on “Bohemian Style from poverty to luxury

  1. It is interesting how has bohemian style found it’s way from poverty to luxury. I didn’t know about romantic era 19th century. How interesting.

  2. This is such an informative post! I never knew what Bohemia really was or where the fashion came from, other than it was the opposite of fashion, until British actress Sienna Miller wore it and it became high fashion in the 90’s. I found that quite sad in a way.

  3. The history of bohemian style was so interesting! I knew some of it, but didn’t realize how far back it stretched. I had never heard of Leafy Souls before so thank you…they definitely have some pieces that I need in my closet! And thank you so much for the shout out as well!

  4. Hi, Nicole – Nice research on the history of bohemianism. This style never went away; it has become a classic style category by now. Also, there is a segment of the population that has social ideals who dress in this way because it fits with their outlook on social justice and a utopian vision. That said, anyone can take one or more of the elements of bohemian style that might appeal to them (ethnic or exotic clothing and accessories, for instance) and mix it with their own personal style overall. There is something about bohemian style trending just about every season. Anyway, it’s my favorite style and I live a somewhat bohemian existence among artists and alternative thinkers. Like I said, it’s still around. So, let me send you love and light (Lol!) – Angie,

  5. When I wear this style, my husband calls me his hippy chic…LOL!!

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