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Talbots floral print skirt, Michael Kors orange patent leather cork wedges, statement garnet necklace and bracelet, Hermes collier de chien leather band, Paloma Picasso sunglasses, enamel and jade buckle belt, and "Love to Dance" graphic T-shirt (all own)

When you are a regular reader of my blog you have certainly read my posts about Fairbanks’ winter air quality problem. When you just recently joined the High Latitude Style Tribe you may have read about the bad air quality on an evening on the deck at the Last Frontier. This post discusses the problem of wildfire smoke that occurs widely in the western US, Canada and Alaska and many other regions in the World each summer.

  1. Fairbanks is known as the Nation’s city with the worst air quality
  2. Air Pollution from the nearby Wildfires
  3. Summer Air Pollution Is Worse than That in Winter
  4. A bit about air quality regulation
  5. June Look of the Month
  6. Top of the World Style linkup No. 213
  7. References

Disclosure: There are affiliate links in this post.

Fairbanks is known as the Nation’s city with the worst air quality

Huge efforts are made to reduce winter air pollution. In winter, temperatures are so low that nobody gets outside to breath the air. Only at 40 below, Fairbanksans go out in a bikini for a photo which is just 5 minutes or less.

In summer, air pollution due to wildfires is often much worse than air pollution due to local emission accumulated under the inversion in winter. However, in summer, people are outside. They mow their lawn, play, grill, hike, canoe, or just sit on their decks to catch some sun rays to build up their vitamin D levels (for surviving the winter without getting seasonal depression syndrome or cabin fiver). The smoke from wildfires means that Alaska doesn’t guarantee pristine air.

We get told to stay inside. However, unless we run an air purifier indoor air quality will get fast as bad as outside. So, where is the catch?

Nothing is done against the wildfires. It is just let-it-burn until human life, structure or historic monuments are endangered. In winter, the air quality officials ask the residents of the Fairbanks metropolitian area to not burn wood when there is a poor air-pollution alert. It’s to protect our health and that’s a good thing! However, what’s the catch? Shouldn’t the fires be fought to protect our health in summer? Long-term exposure can also endanger human life!

down break of OOTD Pantome colors

over 50 years old fashion blogger in floral skirt and graphic T under blue sky
Outfit details: Talbots floral print skirt, Michael Kors orange patent leather cork wedges, statement garnet necklace and bracelet, Hermes collier de chien leather band, Paloma Picasso sunglasses, jade and enamel buckle belt and “Love to Dance” graphic T-shirt (all own)

Air Pollution from Nearby Wildfires

Currently, there are two fires burning in the Fairbanks vicinity. Depending on the wind direction, Fairbanks is under the influence of their smoke. The image below shows the smoke over Fairbanks on June 27, 2019 in the visible range as seen by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) aboard of NASA’s Terra satellite. There are two large areas of light brown smoke from the Shovel Creek and Nugget Creek wildfires northwest and northeast of Fairbanks, respectively. The red hot spots are heat signatures indicative of fires. Both fires started by lightning strikes. Officials are expecting the fires’ smoke to affect Fairbanksans in the next weeks. In plain English, until August when the so-called Alaska monsoon sets in. Note it’s not really a monsoon, but August is our wettest month.

MODIS visible image showing the smoke and wildfires near Fairbanks Alaska on June 27, 2019
Visible image as recorded by MODIS onboard of Terra over East-central Alaska on June 27, 2019. The river in the upper part of image is the Yukon. The river from the lower right to the mid left is the Tanana that flows into the the Yukon farther west. The round white patches are convective clouds that formed over the mountains of the Alaska Range (bottom) and the White Mountains (middle left to right top). The fuzzy white areas are pyroclouds over the fires. The red dots are the heat signatures of the fires. The grayish white areas are smoke. Fairbanks is in the lower third in the middle of the image with the Shovel Creek fire to the northwest and the Nugget Creek fire 35 miles to the Northeast. There is another fire burning in the Yukon Flats north of the Yukon and the Nugget Creek fire. Image Credit: NASA Worldview, Earth Observing System Data and Information System (EOSDIS). From:


There are firefighting activities in the Murphy Dome area. One of my students and one of my girlfriends as well as several colleagues live in this area. The Nugget Creek fire is 35 miles northeast of Fairbanks around Mile 30 Chena Hot Springs Road in the Chena River State Recreation Area. Some friends and colleagues live in this area.

When a white night becomes dark you know there is a fire

When we got back to the parking lot after dancing until 10:45 pm on Saturday night, the Sun was pink (see photo below). Moreover, the lights of the street lamps were on. They all have a light sensor. On a typical June night, no street lights are on. This means the ash and PM in the air dimmed the light so strong that the sensors behaved like they do at dawn: Switch on the lights. Learn more on why the light is pink in the post at the link.

smoke from wildfires dimes the light of the Sun so badly that the street lights are on
Old Steese Highway view to the west towards Walmart and Mt. McKinley Bank on Saturday June 28, 2019 at 10:45 pm. The streets lights and lights at the buildings are on, which is quite unusual at this time in the year.

Ash snowed like after the St. Augustine volcano eruption in 2006

On Sunday morning, ash fell onto our deck. You could literally see it fall. It looked like snowing. The air smelled like you are licking an ashtray. Well, Interior Alaska summers smell like a huge bonfire.

Cat munching on a deck covered by ash caused by wildfires
Photo of Jungchen on the deck. The white spots are ash.

Summer Air Pollution Is Worse Than That in Winter

The diagram below bases on the raw data of the NCORE measurements in Fairbanks downloaded from EPA. You can see the first peak that related to my post on an evening at the Last Frontier. Note that it was called moderate pollution! The pollution went down below the NAAQS when the rain set in and washed out the ashes and particles. To keep the air in our house at bay we run our AirFree air purifier 24/7.

A bit about air quality regulation

For my international readers let me quickly define the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS). The NAAQS for particulate matter less or equal to 2.5 μm in diameter – called PM2.5 98th percentile, averaged over 3 years, is 35 μg/m3. Note that PM2.5 is 70 times smaller than the diameter of a human hair. Various medical publications connected severe health issues to short and long term exposure to PM2.5. Note that the World Health Organisation recommends 25 μg/m3 not to be exceeded.

Particulate matter less or equal to 10 μm in diameter is called PM10. The 24 hours average PM10 NAAQS not to be exceeded more than once per year on average over 3 years is 150 μg/m3. The white and gray ash flakes that you see on our deck in the photo below are greater than several mm (1 mm = 0.0393701 inch).

graph showing the temporal evolution of hourly air quality in Fairbanks Alaska
Temporal evolution of hourly particulate matter of less or equal 2.5 and l0 micrometer in diameter starting on June 23, 2019. Data downloaded from EPA

June Look of the Month

Obviously, these photos for the look of the month were taken prior to the onset of the poor air quality episode. You can see the clear blue sky in the background of some of the summer outfit photos. I went for a posh, but comfy graphic tee with floral skirt and wedge sandals look in Pantome colors of the year. Ironically, they are the colors of fire.


Alaksan in summer outfit posing on a day with good air quality

Alaskan blogger Nicole in summer look with skirt and T-shirt

backview midlife fashion blogger in Tee and silk skirt

sideview of trendy summer style mix of graphic T-shirt with printed skirt
Outfit details: Talbots floral print skirt, Michael Kors orange patent leather cork wedges, statement garnet necklace and bracelet, Hermes collier de chien leather band, Paloma Picasso sunglasses, enamel and jade buckle belt, and “Love to Dance” graphic T-shirt (all own)


More on what to wear in June in Interior Alaska at the link. What are you wearing on these hot summer days? Just curious.

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213th Top of the World Style Linkup party

Welcome to the Top of the World Style linkup party! Thanks for coming. The awardees are:

Top of the World Style Winner Imogen of Inside Out Style
Imogen, the stylist at Inside Out Style became Top of the World Style Winner. Photo from her post


Top of the World OOTD Readers' Fav Gail in cropped pants suit
Gail Hanlon of Is This Mutton became Top of the World OOTD Readers’ Fav. Photo from her post


Top of the World OOTD My Fav Salzar in red floral dress
Salzar of 14 Shades of Grey became Top of the World OOTD My Fav. Photo from her post.


Congrats Ladies! Grab your buttons for your awards page or sidebar.

See these awesome outfit ideas at the Top of the World Style #linkup party. #OOTD Click To Tweet


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Tran, H.N.Q, Mölders, N. (2011). Investigations on meteorological conditions for elevated PM2.5 in Fairbanks, Alaska. Atmospheric Research, 99, 39-49. doi: 10.1016/j.atmosres.2010.08.028.

Mölders, N., Fochesatto, G., Edwin, S. and Kramm, G. (2019) Geothermal, Oceanic, Wildfire, Meteorological and Anthropogenic Impacts on PM2.5 Concentrations in the Fairbanks Metropolitan Area. Open Journal of Air Pollution8, 19-68. doi: 10.4236/ojap.2019.82002.

Photos of me: G. Kramm

© 2013-2021 Nicole Mölders | All rights reserve

This Post Has 3 Comments

  1. yourtrueselfblog

    Hi, Nicole – Great commentary! I’m glad you’re speaking up and I wish you the best of health. You are more gorgeous than ever and I hope your health is going along with it. It certainly looks like it because it’s obvious that your dancing is doing you well. XO, Angie – your true self blog

  2. Carrie @ Curly Crafty Mom

    Just love your colorful skirt and it picks up some of the colors in that vibrant tee! And, you def. do love to dance! 🙂 Interesting! I am always concerned about air quality, I have asthma and my kids both do too and it really does make a difference.


  3. Julie | This Main Line Life

    That’s really interesting. I didn’t realize that this was such a problem in Alaska. Cute skirt too.

Comments are closed.