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Driving on Highways in Alaska is quite different than in many other US states. No, we don’t drive on the other side of the road. But our roads and roadnet work are different. Just imagine an unpaved highway. Or roads that only exist in winter. However, when you are in Alaska as a tourist, and even managed to rent a car with which you are allowed to drive these highways, there is another thing to know. Summer is construction season and that’s not like you know it. Read on to learn what else you need to know.


  1. Alaska has Two Seasons – Winter and Construction Season
  2. Driving on Highways in Alaska – the Highway Network
  3. Construction Season Is Short, But Long at the Same Time
    • Multiple Equipment at Work
    • Save Fuel, and Shut Down the Engine
    • Two Times Are Critical
  4. Pilot Car
    • On the Go to Go Off-road
    • Keeping up with the 4×4 Crowd Is a Challenge
    • Ten Minutes to an Eternity
    • One Lane Constructions
  5. Alaskan Travel Outfit
  6. Top of the World Style Linkup Party No. 317


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Alaska Has Two Seasons – Winter and Construction Season

Does it frustrate you when you are standing in a queue – one car after the other and nothing moves anymore because the road is one-lane-only due to construction? And of course, you had the luck to arrive when they just stopped the cars from your direction and now you have to wait two to five minutes until your direction gets the right-of-way? Well, then you have never seen road construction in Alaska! Road construction in winter is a total different game. They are just built as seasonal winter roads with ice bridges.

Alaska has two seasons, winter and construction. #Alaska #travel Click To Tweet


Driving Highways in Alaska – the Highway Network

Alaska has only seven highways (!) and the normal European would not even consider them as such. Most of the highways have only one lane in each direction except close to the three major cities, Anchorage, Fairbanks and Juneau. Most of the highways are unpaved over long stretches, i.e. they are dirt roads – the Dalton Highway, Alcan, or the Denali Highway, for instance. Some of the highways have traffic lights or are even crossed by the Alaska rail road!

Alaska highway outside of Nome....20 miles by jimmywayne CC BY-NC-ND 2.0
Typical highway in Alaska. “Nome….20 miles” by jimmywayne is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0



Construction Season Is Short, but Long at the Same Time

Due to below freezing temperatures, construction is only possible during construction season, which starts in late May after greenup, which seems like pushing a button, and ends in September or early October when the first flurries fly and the temperatures stay below the freezing point all day long. However, due to the midnight sun, construction takes place 24/7 in three shifts from May to mid-August. In mid-August, nighttime work still continues 24/7, but with the night shift using float light.


Multiple Equipment at Work

When a paved road has to be re-paved, huge heavy equipment will take off the upper layer. Typically, there is not just one, but many of them working at the same time, and often they work on both lanes at the same time! Once the crew took the pavement off, they will put on the new layer, again with multiple equipment all working at the same time. Finally, the painting crew will draw the lines.


Save Fuel, and Shut Down the Engine

When you arrive at the construction area, there will be a flag man or woman holding a sign onto the ground. On one side, it says “slow” on the other “stop.”

Your likelihood to see the “slow” is less than maybe 2%. When you arrive at the “stop” sign you count yourself lucky when you see already cars arriving from the other direction. If not, the best you can do is to shut off the engine. Depending on the length of the construction area, you may have to wait 20 to 30 minutes. No, I’m not kidding!


flag person and a car Pausing for a Bit of Construction by Kevin Turinsky CC BY-NC-SA 2.0
Flag woman and road construction workers in Alaska. “Pausing for a Bit of Construction” by Kevin Turinsky is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0


Two Times Are Critical

Therefore, the driver of the car closest to the flag (wo)man typically asks “how long.” Once the next car arrives, this driver gives the estimate with the time of when the estimate was issued to the driver who just arrived. This driver then conveys the message to the next arriving driver and so on. The longest estimate I had been given so far was 25 minutes and we were the 5th car in line.

It is critical to convey both times, because on Alaska roads, one may drive for very long time without having any oncoming traffic. On the way from Fairbanks to Whitehorse close to the Canadian boarder, we had no oncoming traffic for over an hour in the middle of the day! Scary, or not?


The Main Road by jimmywayne CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 in unpaved
Typical unpaved road under maintenaince in Alaska. In summer, potwholes in dirt roads are removed by snow plows. “The Main Road” by jimmywayne is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0


Pilot Car

The first car that arrives from the other direction is a pilot car. Think of it as a four wheel-drive SUV or pick-up truck with a yellow flash light on the roof, usually white with orange stripes. It is followed by about 20 cars. These cars pass the pilot car that parks on the side upon arrival. After the last car passed, the pilot car turns around and positions itself in front of the first waiting car. That’s when you are supposed to start your engine.


On the Go to Go Off-road

When you rent a car, most contracts state that you are not allowed to drive unpaved roads. This statement includes also unpaved roads in cities like Fairbanks. I once got trouble driving to the house we had rented in Goldstream despite we had given the address to the agent. You would think they know that there are only unpaved roads in Goldstream except for Goldstream Road and Sheep Creek Road, shouldn’t they?

The flag (wo)man will now turn the sign to “slow.” The pilot car will go off the road onto some provisional temporary path made up of dirt, gravel and stones. You have no other choice than to follow. This path may be parallel to the road under construction or farther away. In other words, you may not even see the road anymore. It just depends on what was the easiest way to drive thru the dirt off-road towards the other side of the construction area. Do I have to mention that sometimes the speed of the pilot car is not slow at all (more than 45 mph)?


Keeping up with the 4×4 Crowd Is a Challenge

You must keep the speed of the car in front of you to stay on track, and to be able to get back to the road. In the taiga with lots of dry creeks that look similar to the temporal path, it is not necessarily obvious where to drive next when you don’t drive the construction area every day or when you fail to keep up with the car in front of you.


Alaskan dressed up for dinner
Vshred athleisure jacket, Lulu Roe abstract print dress, Michael Kors sandals, Jord rucksack, Heidi Ara buckle, SUNGAIT sunglasses



Ten Minutes to an Eternity

The next ten minutes can feel like an eternity, even longer than the 20 minutes wait before. Even when the pilot car moves slowly (35 mph) keeping up with the speed can be challenging with a small regular (rental) car. Normal cars are not made for dirt roads. If you drive a camper, you will be sweatier than after a sauna visit. The camper will swing in all directions. After being back on the road, you feel lucky, it did not topple over.


One Lane Constructions

Even when there is one lane left for the traffic there will be a pilot car when the beginning and end of the construction area are out of eyesight. Depending on whether the lane has already been finished or not, the drive thru such a construction area can be stressful too. You have to closely follow your front(wo)man. If it is a truck, it may throw split and stones at you.

A broken windshield anyone?

Do I need to say that I have never seen so many broken windshields than on Alaska roads? When I was still a greenhorn in Alaska, I always wondered about the weird ads that weren’t so weird at all after we had travelled the haul-way and other unpaved roads. So, what do you think about how highway construction is done in an Alaska fashion? Unbelievable in Europe or the Lower 48s!

When you found this post interesting and/or helpful, or you know a friend who wants to spend their vacation at the Last Frontier, please share the post with them

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Alaskan Travel Look

I like comfortable travel outfits that look posh and don’t cut in. When wearing a dress when on the road, a wrinkle-free cotton dress fits the bill for me. In the Interior, having a jacket for layering is always required even in summer. And if it’s only because of the mosquitoes.


woman sitting on a Jeep in a parking lot in Fairbanks to rest from driving highways in Alaska
Sitting on a Jeep Wranger


Woman taking a break from traveling in Alaska in the evening at a bar in cotton travel dress
Lulu Roe cotton fit-and-flare wrinkle free dress, Isaac Mizrahi cardigan knotted around the waist, Hermes collier de chien bangle, JORD vegan backpack


Top of the World Style Linkup No. 317

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Welcome to the Top of the World Style linkup party.


Lizzie in a romantic dress at the pool of a Motel
Lizzie from Lizzie in Lace became the Top of the World OOTD Readers Fav. Photo from her post


Laura in floral print dress with ruffles in the breakfast area of a hotel
Laura from I Do DeClaire became Top of the World Style Winner. Photo from her post


Jennifer in red midi dress for traveling
Jennifer from Curated by Jennifer became the Top of the World OOTD My Fav. Photo from her post


Congrats Ladies! Grab your award buttons.

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