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Yes, she can do STEM too, but its a long way. Read why female scientists fear to look their best.


  1. Girls Got Excluded Early On
  2. A Lack of Role Models in College
  3. You Are Not Considered to Be a Woman
  4. Lack of Peers Meant Bad Advice Regarding Conference Dress Code
  5. Peer Pressure Was Counterproductive
  6. Limited Opportunities for Women
  7. Is Fashion a Female Instinct of Reproduction Chances and Not Intelligence?
  8. Feeling Like Not Belonging to the Crowd at Professional Meetings
  9. You Have to Send Signals that You Are Not an Accompanying Wife/Guest
  10. Limited Access to Work Appropriate Apparel
  11. Not Much Has Changed for Women in STEM Dressing Wise
  12. Society’s Perceptions, and Mindsets Have to Change and be More Inclusive for all Genders
  13. A Final Thought on Why Female Scientists Fear to Look their Best



Girls Got Excluded Early On

When I was in high school I was the only woman in our chemistry class. I never was allowed to do any of the experiments. Too dangerous! “You can burn your hair, face or clothes!” For the record: My classmates had hair and they weren’t naked. And yes, they also had faces!


A Lack of Role Models in College

When I was in college all but one of our teaching assistants were male. Do I have to mention that she was a mathematician? Math was considered as a field suitable for women. Nevertheless, she always tried to dress to be invisible among her male peers. Of course, none of our professors was female. This means there were no role models that one could use to get clues what to wear as a women engineer or female physicist. At that time, there was only one female meteorology professor in Germany. However, she worked in aeronomy, which was as close as none.


You Are Not Considered to Be a Woman

When I studied atmospheric physics in France, it was even worse. In my class of 11, I was the only gal. One day, on our way to lunch, one of my classmates said “Nicole, you aren’t a woman.” I asked him “Why do you say that?” Then another classmate answered “You don’t wear nail polish, you drive a car, fly a sailing plane, study atmospheric physics, and you don’t dress like a woman.”

Back then, I literally lived in my black leather pants – a hand-me down from my brother. I loved my leather pants, and wore them with kitten heels or pumps with up to 2 inch (5 cm) heels. Depending on the weather, I paired my leather trousers with a button-down shirt (solid, plaid or striped), T-shirt with cotton scarf (I couldn’t afford silk) or a cotton sweater. My favorite outerwear was my suede bomber jacket. My hair was in a long braided pony tail that reached to my upper hip. Huge DIY and plastic earrings (e.g., planes, cars, geometric figures) were my thing. I was in my Rock’n Roll phase of my progress of my style evolution.


#advancedstyle mature woman dressed up for a metting in a sheath with cardigan, tote and pointy toe heels
Side view of meeting outfit with Shein sheath dress, philosophy cardigan knotted for style, Longchamp pilage de cuire, Anne Klein pointy toe heels and Ed Hardy sunglasses



Lack of Peers Meant Bad Advice Regarding Conference Dress Code

In 1987, I went to my first professional conference as a speaker. One professor said that I should wear a midi skirt, a blouse and pumps on the day of my talk! No, I hadn’t asked him what to wear to a science conference. Needless to say, the professor didn’t tell my male classmates how to dress when they headed for a congress. The closest to a “dress code” that he gave to one of them, was to forbid to travel to the conference on a motorcycle. It’s my understanding you can’t have large baggage on a bike, right? A suit and shirt will wrinkle when carried in a backpack.


Peer Pressure Was Counterproductive

When I was a visiting graduate student at SUNY Albany, my roommates explained me that I am overdressed for an atmospheric chemistry student. “You don’t fit in with your fellow graduate students!” who of course were male. At that time, surfing was the big thing. All the guys wore surfer inspired gear. It was the late 1980s, when I was in my power dressing phase. Only on weekends, I would put my jeans on, and yes, with high heels, please.


Limited Opportunities for Women

When it came to field experiments during summer jobs or lab classes, it never took long until I was assigned the logistics. These tasks were taking notes, doing the protocol, writing the report, designing the sampling network, determining how many samplers go into which truck, writing the road plan for the drivers, mapping the locations where to put the samplers, etc.

While the experiment run, I analyzed samples at the gas chromatograph in the lab – a tedious boring task everybody hated. I rarely got outside. I could have done my tasks in a fancy dress and strappy heels – if only – the sampling bags weren’t covered with pollen, soil, and coal dust. Despite I and the two other women in my class dressed like the guys in jeans and T-shirt, they excluded us from schlepping equipment “Too heavy, you’ll break it.”

#fashionover50 woman in a classic blue and white work outfit
Shein dress, philosophy cardigan, Longchamp pilage de cuire bag, Anne Klein pumps (all own)


Is Fashion a Female Instinct of Reproduction Chances and Not Intelligence?

During my time in graduate school, I started regularly wondering about my work attire. It dawned to me that the science community associated dressing nicely/stylishly, being female and interested in fashion/style with not being intelligent. At the same time, dressing like the guys wouldn’t help to fit in neither. Wearing the right clothing seemed like a no-win situation.


Feeling Like Not Belonging to the Crowd at Professional Meetings

At conference dinners, I felt like a nice table accessory. Nobody would discuss science with the few female attendees at a conference dinner, reception or ice-breaker. On the contrary, we young women were introduced asap to the accompanying wives to entertain them! They, of course, told us that sciences isn’t right for us, and we should have kids asap!


You Have to Send Signals that You Are Not an Accompanying Wife/Guest

At scientific meetings, I tried to look professional and dressed in a conservative corporate style. This dress code is still today the best choice what to wear in this setting as a female scientist. Why? The “important people” dress like such. Wearing this dress code, helps that you get at least approached and talked to. You could be a program director, right? Another reason why I wore suits was to not be mistaken as someone’s accompanying wife. Women aren’t accessories, they only wear them.


Limited Access to Work Appropriate Apparel

When you are following the blog already for a while, you know that I have a challenge of finding my size in Alaska. I always get send to the youth department and I learned how to deal with body discrimination! As a result, I shop when I am out of state. One day during a lunch break between conference sessions, I left the congress building to browse a nearby mall. I went into a store of a well-known bridge brand that also makes very stylish, fashion forward career clothes. When I browsed the merchandise, a salesperson asked me very friendly what I am looking for. “A straight skirt that hits about 2 inch (5 cm) above the knee and a fitted blazer in size XS.” I replied. She looked at me and said “When I look how conservative you are, you better go to Macy’s.” I thanked her for the advice and just left. I was fully aware that I wore the wrong clothes for the setting I was in.

details of the work look featuring the bag and pumps
Zoom-in on sunflower yellow Longchamp bag shoulder strap bag, Anne Klein pointy toe nude snake detail pumps, bangle and ring, as well as the China inspired print on the hem of the Shein tailored dress


Not Much Has Changed for Women in STEM Dressing Wise

It is frustrating that today young women in physical sciences and engineering still worry about what to wear. They said the other day that they regularly wonder about appropriate work attire. One said she tries to be invisible. Another one said that “when a guy dresses up in a suit, shirt and tie for a presentation, the audience fully accepts it as a sign of respect. When a woman dresses up, no one listens, but stares.”  An international female student said “You can’t win, just wear what gives you confidence, and get over it (the talk).”

Everyone should have the right to dress up when they want to.


Society’s Perceptions, and Mindsets Have to Change and be More Inclusive for all Genders

It took a while to accept that all we can do is to work on changing the mindset about dressing up, fashion and women and their abilities. At the same time, we also have to accept men in “traditionally” female jobs.

A scientist can be female, intelligent and stylish all at the same time.

Changing the mindset of societal perceptions is hard work and a long time-consuming journey.  Remember, Marie Curie had to study in Paris, France because French universities admitted already female students in Europe.

Remember when back in the 1930s, female musicians had to sit in the back in black suits so nobody would see that there are women in the symphony orchestra? In the 1960s, female teacher had to leave when becoming pregnant. Prior to the mid 1980s, founding agencies didn’t allow women scientists to overwinter in Antarctica. Read more on the history of fashion and women over the last 80 years.


A Final Thought on Why Female Scientists Fear to Look their Best

There is this saying the first impression is the most important one.

Does a woman engineer or physical scientist make already a bad impression, when the client or audience expect a guy to show up? What about the outfit for a job interview?

Just asking. Also those women scientists who dressed fashionably hit a glass ceiling. They were called fashion models. In other words, the role models for female scientist fear to look their best too.


Photos: G. Kramm

© 2013-2023 Nicole Mölders | All rights reserved

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